茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke


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叩き塗・Tatakinuri

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叩き塗萩中棗
Tatakinuri” Lespedeza natsume (medium)

「叩き塗」の漆器はつや消しで、凹凸のある仕上げになっています。

Lacquer ware done with the “tatakinuri” technique has a matte finish and slightly rough texture.

漆に砕いた玉子の殻、豆腐、おからなどを混ぜて塗るとのこと。スポンジなどで叩いて塗り、ローラーで慣らします。

Materials such as crushed egg shells, tofu and okara (a pulpy material left over in the tofu manufacturing process) are mixed into lacquer, and the mixture is applied with a sponge by tapping (by “tataki” motions).  The surface is then smoothed out with a roller.

叩き塗は丈夫なのだそうです。成程剣道の防具にもつかわれるようです。

I hear that “tatakinuri” is very hardy.  Indeed, the technique is also used for a body armor for kendo’u (Japanese-style fencing).
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【参考・References】

http://www.shikki-shuuri.jp/2015/02/19/丈夫な漆のたたき塗り/

http://ippondo.city-yokosuka.info/prodact.html

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月見団子・Moon-viewing Dumplings

Tsukimi,moon-viewing-party,japan.JPG山形に盛られた月見団子・Moon-viewing dumplings arranged in a mountain shape
Tsukimi,moon-viewing-party,japan” by katorisi. Licensed under CC 表示 3.0 via ウィキメディア・コモンズ.

 

何故お月見に団子を供えるのでしょうか。お月見は、そもそも収穫を祝う行事で、サトイモや豆類を月にお供えして収穫に感謝していたものが、その後月に似せて作った丸い米の団子を使うようになったそうです。

Why dumplings for moon viewing?  Moon viewing originated as a harvest celebration.  Sweet potatoes and beans were initially offered to the moon as a token of thanksgiving.  Later people began to use round sweet dumplings made of rice flour – due to the association of the round shape with the moon.

山の形に団子を盛るのは、団子の先端が「霊界」に通じると考えられてきたからとのこと。盛り塩や立砂(たてずな)が円錐状になっているのも似たような理由なのでしょうか。

Why arrange the dumplings in a pointed mountain shape?  The pointed end is believed to lead to the “spiritual realm.”  It may be for a similar reason that morijio (a chunk of salt at the entrance of a house to ward off evil) and tatezuna (ceremonial mounds of sand at a Shinto’u shrine) have pointed cone shapes.

IMG_6295立砂・Tatezuna

Morijio in Japan.JPG

盛り塩・Morijio
Morijio in Japan” by Show ryu. Licensed under CC 表示-継承 3.0 via ウィキメディア・コモンズ.

【参考・References】

http://www.ja-gp-fukuoka.jp/education/akiba-hakase/001/004.html

Originaly published October 22, 2014


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桂籠・Katsura Kago

katsura

籠花入銘「桂川」は、利休が京都の桂川の漁師から魚籠(びく)を譲り受け花入に見立てたものといわれます。背面に鉄鐶を付け掛花入されました。その写しは桂籠や桂川籠とも呼ばれています。

A basket hana’ire named “Katsura gawa” was originally a fish basket that Rikyu’u saw a fisherman using at the Katsura River in Kyoto.  Rikyu’u got it from him and used it as a hanging hana’ire by adding a metal ring in the back.  Its copies are also known as “Katsura kago” (Katsura basket) or “Katsura gawa kago” (Katsura River basket).

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二代少庵から三代宗旦へ渡った後、宗旦に師事した山田宗徧が宗旦に代わる茶道師範として江戸下向の際この花入を授かったそうです。宗徧が黒塗の竹筒落としに「桂川」の銘と花押とを朱漆書しました。

The second Grand Master, Sho’u’an, passed it to the third Grand Master, So’utan.  When So’uhen Yamada, who studied tea from So’utan, relocated to Edo (today’s Tokyo) to be a tea teacher in So’utan’s stead, So’utan gave it to him.  So’uhen wrote in red lacquer its name “Katsura gawa” along with his ka’o on the bamboo insert.

江戸に出た宗徧は宗旦門下の同門である吉良上野介の屋敷の茶事にも関わっていました。赤穂浪士の大高源吾が宗徧に入門して、茶会の日取りを聞きつけ討ち入ったそうです。討ち取られた本物の吉良の首は奪還されることを避けるために舟路で泉岳寺に送られ、赤穂浪士の行進にはこの花入が風呂敷に包まれ槍の先に刺されて用いられたといいます。

Once relocated to Edo, So’uhen was involved in carrying out chaji at the residence of Kira Ko’uzukenosuke, who was a fellow student under So’utan.  Gengo O’otaka, one of the famous forty-seven ro’unin, became a student of So’uhen’s, and learned Kira’s tea event schedule to plan his assassination.  Kira’s head, to avoid being stolen by the Kira loyalists, was sent by boat to Sengaku-ji while the forty-seven ro’unin marched with this hana’ire wrapped in a piece of cloth, pierced atop a spear.

本歌「桂川」は現在香雪美術館に所蔵されています。籠の下辺に槍幅ほどの繕い傷があるそうです。

The original “Katsura gawa” is held by Ko’usetsu Museum today.  It is said that there is a repair – about the width of a spear blade – at the bottom of the basket.

【参考・Reference】http://www.kosetsu-museum.or.jp/