茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke


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金沢能楽美術館・Kanazawa Noh Museum

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加賀藩第五代藩主前田綱紀が宝生流の能楽を奨励したのが始まりで、加賀藩では江戸時代を通じて宝生流の能楽を保護していました。

The fifth lord of Kaga province, Tsunanori Ma’eda, promoted the Ho’usho’u school of Noh, and throughout the Edo period, Kaga province protected it (now known as “Kaga Ho’usho’u” in Kanazawa).

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金沢能楽美術館は、加賀宝生に伝わる貴重な能面や能装束を収蔵展示することを目的に開館されました。「能楽」はユネスコ無形文化遺産に登録されています。

Kanazawa Noh Museum was established to house and display valuable Noh masks and costumes that have been passed down for generations by Kaga Ho’usho’u Noh practitioners.  Noh has been designated as an intangible cultural asset by UNESCO.

 

本物の能面と能装束を、実際に着る事が出来る体験コーナーもあります。

At the museum, you have an opportunity to don a real Noh and mask and costume.

【参考・Reference】http://www.kanazawa-noh-museum.gr.jp/


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四方棚・Yoho’udana

四方棚は天板と地板が四方形で二本柱があり、台子を半分にしたのが始まりとのことです。天板の方が地板より大きくなっています。大ぶりな桐木地で角 が直角なものは炉用の利休好みだそうですが、小ぶりのものは炉・風炉共用です。お稽古で頻繁に使うのは即中斎好み写しの溜塗爪紅小四方棚です。棚板に彫りこんである線は批目(へぎめ)です。

Yoho’udana has square top and bottom shelves with two columns.  It is said that it was originally created by reducing the size of a “da’isu” (a large shelf) in half.  The top shelf is larger than the bottom shelf.  The “Rikyu’s favorite” style is large and in unfinished paulownia wood with 90-degree corners.  Due to its size, it is used only with “ro,” but smaller versions are used with both “ro” and “furo.”  The type we often use in our lessons is a copy of the “Sokuchu’u-sa’i’s favorite” finished in lacquer (tame tsumakure nuri).  The finish is called “tame nuri” is a lacquer technique to apply clear lacquer over the base layer.  “Tsumakure” refers to the red accents (which literally means “red fingernails”).  Sokuchu’u-sa’i was the 13th grand master.  The lines carved into the shelf boards are called “hegime“.

濃茶・Ko’icha 

薄茶初飾り・Usucha Shokazari (Starting Mode)

薄茶器と水指が天板、地板それぞれの中央に置かれています。

An usuchaki and a mizusashi is placed in the center of the top shelf and the bottom shelf, respectively.

薄茶二飾り・Usucha Nikazari (Mode 2)

薄茶器に代わって柄杓と蓋置が天板に置かれます。

A hishaku and a futa’oki are displayed on the top shelf, instead of an usuchaki.

炉専用の四方棚は大ぶりです。桐木地なので「利休好み?」かと思いましたら、「利休好み」は角が直角。こちらのように角が丸いのは四代お家元逢源斎江岑のお好みだそうです。

A large version of yoho’udana like this is used only with “ro.”  This one is made of unfinished paulownia wood – and I wondered: Is this the “Rikyu‘s favorite”?  Not so.  The “Rikyu‘s favorite” has 90-degree corners.  This one has rounded corners – and is known as the favorite of Ho’ugen-sa’i Ko’ushin, the 4th Grand Master.

天板が大きいので柄杓がすっぽり飲み込まれそうですが、柄杓に柄の端が天板から少し出ていなければならない、と先生からうかがいました。

The top shelf is so large that it can swallow up the hishaku – but our teacher said the edge of the hishaku handle must be slightly off the shelf.

薄茶三飾り・Usucha Sankazari (Mode 3)

三飾りでは薄茶器も飾ります。柄杓と蓋置は総飾りと変わりませんね。

A usuchaki is also displayed in Mode 3.  The hishaku and futa’oki are placed just like in so’ukazari.

総飾り・So’ukazari

Originally posted May 7, 2014


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引き出物・Hikidemono

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Ma’ehata Gaho’u Studio / “A’i’o
‘i” ko’ugo’u

引き出物とは、平安時代に宴会を開いた主が招待客へのお土産として用意した馬を庭へ「引き出して」贈ったことが由来といわれています。宴会に招いたお客様へのお土産なので、参加者にはどのような人でも同じものを昔は取りそろえていたそうです。

Hikidemono” was (and still is) a party gift.  Where did the term come from?  Back in the He’i’an period, a host throwing a party “pulled out” (hikidashite) a horse into the garden to show it to his guests.  Each guest was receiving a horse as a souvenir.  And everyone was receiving the same gift.

やがて馬の代わりに「馬代(うましろ)」として金品を贈るようになり、「引き出物」もその後、招待客への土産物をさすようになりました。

Eventually a real horse was replaced with money or other items as “umashiro” (literally, “instead of a horse”).  “Hikidemono” also became to simply mean a party gift (although it is no longer a horse).

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O’ohi ware / “Dancing Paulownia” ko’ugo’u