茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

桐紋・Paulownia Crest

Leave a comment

taiko
欅拭き漆香合 川端近左 (五七桐)
Keyaki (zelkova serrata) “fuki-urushi” incense case
– Kinsa Kawabata (P
aulownia crest – five/seven)

豊臣秀吉の家紋と言えば、桐のご紋が有名です。

The paulownia crest is famous as a family crest for Hideyoshi Toyotomi.

桐紋は、もともと菊紋とともに皇室のみが使っていたものでした。古代中国で鳳凰が桐に棲むという伝説があったことから、桐紋が貴まれたのでしょう。

Originally the imperial family alone used the paulownia crest, together with the chrysanthemum crest.  Perhaps thanks to an ancient Chinese legend that a phoenix dwells in paulownia trees, the paulownia crest was treated as a symbol of nobility .

後醍醐天皇から足利尊氏(五三桐)へ賜られたのを最初に、後日織田信長(五三桐)も桐紋を家紋としています。後に皇室は専ら菊紋のみを用いるようになりました。

Emperor Goda’igo granted Taka’uji Ashikaga the right to use the paulownia crest (the five/three version with the middle branch having five flowers and the side branches having three), and later Nobunaga Oda also adopted the paulownia crest (five/three) as his family crest.  Subsequently, the imperial family started using the chrysanthemum crest exclusively, thus discontinuing the use of the paulownia crest.

imperial_seal_of_japan

信長の家臣時代、秀吉は「五三桐」を使っていましたが、姓を豊臣と改めた時に「五七桐」を後陽成天皇から与えられたそうです。

Hideyoshi too used the paulownia crest (five/three) when he was a vassal of Nobunaga’s.  When he changed his family name to Toyotomi, it is said that he received the right to use the paulownia crest (five/seven) from Emperor Goyo’uze’i.

File:Japanese Crest GosannKiri.svg五三桐
Paulownia (five/three)

【参考・References】
https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/桐紋
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_Seal_of_Japan
http://www.harimaya.com/o_kamon1/yurai/a_yurai/pack2/kiri.html

豊臣秀吉の家紋の意味は?政府が使っている理由について!

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s