茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

立春と雨水・Risshun and Usu’i

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2月4日頃に始まり雨水までの期間が立春。一年の始めとされ、決まり事や季節の節目はこの日が起点になっています。 お茶と縁の深い八十八夜も立春から数えます。冬至春分の真ん中で、暦の上ではこの日から春になります。梅の花が咲き始め、徐々に暖かくなり、春の始まりとなります。

Risshun begins around February 4, and continues through Usu’i.  It is considered the beginning of the year, and is thus the starting point for setting dates for seasonal feasts.  Hachiju’uhachiya, for example, is deeply connected to tea practice, and is counted 88 days from Risshun.  It falls right in the middle of To’uji and Shunbun.  In terms of calendar, this is the day when spring begins.  Plum blossoms start to open, and winter’s icy grip gradually loosens.

雨水は2月19日頃、立春から数えて15日目、啓蟄までの期間です。空から降るものが雪から雨に変わり、氷が溶けて水になる、という意味があります。草木が芽生える頃ですが、春の訪れにはまだ遠く、三寒四温*を繰り返しながら春に向かっていきます。

*寒い日が三日ほど続くと、その後四日間ぐらいは暖かいということ。

Usu’i generally begins around February 19, or 15 days after Risshun, and continues through Ke’ichitsuUsu’i mean that precipitation turns from snow to rain, and ice melts into water.  Tender greens are sprouting.  But the “real” arrival of spring is still sometime away.  Nature inches toward spring by repeating sankan shi’on (三寒四温)*.

*It is cold for three days, followed by warms days for about four days.

2月にはお茶が冷めにくく、いただく時に手が暖まる筒茶碗が活躍します。絞り茶巾でお茶碗をしっかり温めるなどの気遣いがされるのもこの季節です。また梅の花のお道具も頻繁に見受けられます。

Tsutusjawan keeps tea warm, and warms the hands when handling it as well.  February is an ideal time to use it.  Shiborichakin is practiced out of consideration for guests to warm chawan thoroughly.  Utensils with plum blossom motifs are often seen too.

【参考・References】

http://koyomigyouji.com/24-risshun.htm

http://koyomigyouji.com/24-usui.htm

Originally posted on February 6, 2015

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