茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

風炉逆勝手薄茶・Furo Gyakugatte Usucha

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風炉逆勝手薄茶点前のお稽古を何度かしています。

We have practiced “furo gyakugatte usuchatema’e a few times.

通常のお茶室は「本勝手」、客が亭主の右手に座ります。「逆勝手」とは、建物の都合などから勝手の位地が本勝手と逆になり、客が亭主の左手に座る茶室です。逆勝手の点前では道具の置き方や作法が一部逆になります。全部逆ではないので頭の体操になります。

The common setup for a tea room is “hongatte“; guests are seated to the right of the host.  With a “gyakugatte” tea room, the katte (i.e.mizuya) is located on the opposite side of the “hongatte” for some reason, such as the building’s floor plan.  As such, guests are seated to the left of the host.  In case you haven’t guessed, “gyaku” (opposite, reverse) plus “katte” equals “gyakugatte.”  “Gyakugattetema’e requires some (but not all) steps and utensil placements to be reversed.  Because things are only partially reversed, it feels like mental gymnastics.

gyaku

風炉が右、水指が左という配置。帛紗は右腰に。茶器と茶筅は「流して」置き合わせ。茶碗を回す方向も逆。客も飲み口が逆!まだまだある相違点を挙げれば限がないのですが、一番印象に残ったのは点前後の茶杓の清め方。逆勝手では男女作法が同じになるところが、男子にとっては新鮮です。

Furo is placed on the right, and mizusashi on the left.  Fukusa is hung on the right side.  Chaki and chasen are placed at an angle (= nagashite).  You rotate chawan in the opposite direction.  Guests drink from the opposite side as well!  I could go on listing many other differences… but the most notable was cleaning of chashaku after tema’e.  Men and women do it the same way.  There is something refreshing for men about that.

20161014_140915

(1)風炉・Furo (2)水指・Mizushashi (3)茶器、茶杓・Chaki, Chashaku
(4)茶筅・Chasen (5)蓋置、蓋・Futaoki, Futa (6)建水・Kensu’i

それと柄杓を掛ける釘があるととても便利ということ。無くても柄杓と蓋置を建水とともに退出すればよいのですが、この場合建水を左手に持って右に回るので少し違和感があります。釘があれば柄杓を掛けて蓋置をその下に置き、建水は右手で持って右に回りますので、この方が自然な感じがします。

And if there is a peg from which hishaku can be hung,  it is very convenient.  What if there isn’t one?  Sure, all you have to do is take out hishaku, futa’oki and kensu’i – but it feels rather strange turning right when holding kensu’i in the left hand.  That’s where the peg comes in.  Hang hishaku from it, and leave futa’oki below it.  Take kensu’i in your right hand and turn right.  That feels so much more natural….

とは言え少し慣れてくると段々面白くなってきて、違いを楽しむ余裕も出てくるものです。

After all trials and errors, once you get the hand of it, it actually gets rather fun – and you even get to enjoy the “other way” of doing tea.

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