茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

白露と秋分・Hakuro and Shu’ubun

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白露は9月8日頃から秋分までの15日間です。この日から仲秋になります。草の葉に白い露が結ぶという意味で、夜の間に空気が冷え込み朝露が草花につくイメージなのでしょう。日中はまだ暑くても、朝夕の涼しさには肌寒さも感じ始めます。

Hakuro runs for 15 days from around September 8 to Shu’ubun.  Hakuro also marks the beginning of  chu’ushu’u (仲秋), which actually means the month of August by lunar calendar.  Hakuro literally means “white dew” forming on grass.  Picture a field of grasses wet with morning dew after a chilly night.  It may be hot during the day, but the morning and evening air deepens its chill by the day. 

秋分は9月23日頃から寒露までの15日間。春分と同じく、太陽が真東から昇って真西に沈み、昼と夜の長さがほぼ同じです。

Shu’ubun is a 15-day period starting from around September 23 and continues until Kanro.  On Shu’ubun, just like Shunbun, the sun rises from the true east and set in the true west.  The length of the day is roughly the same as that of the night.

春分・秋分の3日前から7日間がそれぞれ春の彼岸、秋の彼岸です。春分・秋分は「彼岸の中日」といいます。太陽が極楽浄土があるという真西に沈むことから、亡くなった人をしのぶ日とされています。仏教では、三途の川(さんずのかわ)を挟んで私たちの世界をこちらの岸を「此岸」(しがん)、ご先祖様の霊が住む世界をあちらの岸を「彼岸」と呼んだところから来ています。

Higan, spring and fall, begins 3 days before Shunbun and Shu’ubun, respectively.  Higan lasts for 7 days.  Therefore, Shunbun and Shu’ubun are the “middle day” of Higan (Higan no chu’unichi).  Because the sun sets in the true west, where the Paradise is believed to exist, it is a day to remember those who passed.  In the Buddhist tradition, our world of the living is on this side (Shigan) of River Styx (“Sanzu no kawa“), whereas the ancestors’ spirits dwell on the other side (Higan)  of the river.

【参考・References】

http://koyomigyouji.com/24-haku.htm

http://koyomigyouji.com/24-shuu.html

Originally published September 2, 2015

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