茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

五節句・Five Major Feasts

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名所江戸百景・歌川広重

 

7月7日は七夕ですが、これは「五節句」のうちのひとつです。

July 7 is “Tanabata,” which is one of the five major feasts (or “go-sekku” ) in Japan.

「節句」とはそもそも季節の節目に神に供する食物のことを指し、「節供」と書かれていたそうです。その節句のうち最も重要な5つが「五節句」。

The term “sekku” originally referred to food items offered to gods at times of seasonal transition.  Today “sekku” is written as “節句” – but the characters originally used were “節供,” signifying “transition (節)” and “offering (供).”  There are many “sekku” but the following are the five major ones.

  • 1月7日 – 人日(七草の節句)

じんじつ・・・七種(ななくさ)の粥を祝う。

Jinjitsu・・・Time to eat rice porridge with seven herbs.  January 7. Also known as “Nanakusa-no-sekku” (the Feast of Seven Herbs).

  • 3月3日 – 上巳(桃の節句)

じょうし・じょうみ・・・陰暦3月初めの巳の日、後に3月3日。主に女児の祝う節句で、雛祭をする。

Jo’ushi/Jo’umi ・・・Originally celebrated on the first day of “巳” (shi or mi – one of 10 elements) of March. Later the date was fixed on March 3 and celebrated as “Hina matsuri” – which is primarily a girls’ festival.  Also known as “Momo-no-sekku” (the Feast of Peaches).

  • 5月5日 – 端午(菖蒲の節句)

たんご・・・男子の健やかな成長を祈願して5月5日に祝う。

Tango・・・A feast celebrated on May 5 to pray for boys’ healthy and strong growth. Also known as “Sho’ubu-no-sekku” (the Feast of Irises).

  • 7月7日 – 七夕(星祭)

たなばた・・・7月7日の夜、天の川の両岸にある牽牛星と織女星とが年に1度相会する。

Tanabata・・・Hikoboshi (a cow herder represented by Altair) and Orihime (Weaver Princess represented by Vega), who are separated by the Milky Way, can meet only once a year on the evening of July 7. Also known as “Hoshi matsuri” (the Star Festival).

  • 9月9日 – 重陽(菊の節句)

ちょうよう・・・陰暦9月9日で、菊の節句。陽の数である9が重なる意味。

Cho’uyo’uo・・・Celebrated on September 9 by lunar calendar.  Also known as “Kiku-no-sekku” (the Feast of Chrysanthemums).  It is a day of “double 9” and 9 is considered a “yang” number (as opposed to “ying”) – hence worthy of celebration.

【参考・Reference】

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/五節句

Originally posted June 23, 2014

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