茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke


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豪商の町屋・Magnates’ Shop-Residences

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菊屋家住宅・Kikuya Family Residence

萩城下町で旧御成道をはさみ向かい合わせている「菊屋家住宅」と「旧久保田家住宅」です。

These are “Kikuya Family Residence” and “Old Kubota Family Residence” in Hagi, Yamaguchi.  They are located on the same street in front of each other.  The street used to be the official road for the Hagi lords to travel to and from the Hagi Castle.

20160407_142609菊屋家住宅・Kikuya Family Residence

20160407_143801菊屋家住宅・Kikuya Family Residence

菊屋家は熊谷家同様萩藩で御用達を勤めた豪商です。久保田家は初代が江戸時代後期に近江から萩に移って呉服商を開き、2代目から酒造業に転じたと伝えられています。

The Kikuya family, just like the Kumaya family, was an influential merchant as an official purveyor to the Hagi Province.  The first generation of the Kubota family came to Hagi from O’umi Province (today’s Shiga Prefecture).  He started his business as a kimono merchant, but the second generation switched to sake making.

双方とも大型の町屋で、往時の豪商の暮らしぶりが偲ばれるものです。

They are both “machiya” (a merchant’s residence with a store front) on a grand scale, which lets us have a glimpse of how the magnates of the time used to live.

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旧久保田家住宅・Old Kubota Family Residence

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旧久保田家住宅・Old Kubota Family Residence


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三田尻御茶屋・Mitajiri Ochaya

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三田尻御茶屋 – Mitajiri Ochaya

山口県防府市の「三田尻御茶屋」です。

This is “Mitajiri Ochaya” in Ho’ufu, Yamaguchi.

御茶屋とは、参勤交替や領内巡視の時の旅館として、また他藩の特使等をもてなす時などに使用していた藩の公館です。三田尻御茶屋は萩往還(萩城と三田尻御茶屋を直結する街道)の終点で、萩藩2代藩主毛利綱広により1654年に建設されました。防府の発展に尽力した毛利重就が7代藩主毛利重就が隠居後に移り住んだことから、重就の法名にちなみその後「英雲荘」と命名されました。

Ochaya” (literally a “tea house”) was the province’s official place of hospitality that served as a hotel for the feudal lords when traveling away from the castle or as a guest house for entertaining envoys from other provinces.  Mitajiri Ochaya was the last stop of “Hagi O’ukan” – a  highway that connected the Hagi Castle (on the Sea of Japan) and Mitajiri Ochaya (on the Seto Inland Sea).  The 2nd lord of Hagi Province, Tsunahiro Mo’uri, had it built in 1654.  The 7th lord of Hagi Province, Shigetaka Mo’uri, who contributed to the prosperity of Ho’ufu, once lived there as his residence after retirement.  The place is now named “E’i’un-so’u” after his posthumous Buddhist name.

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Small and Large Tea Rooms at Kagetsu-ro’u

三田尻御茶屋にあった花月楼は現在萩の松蔭神社にあります。三田尻茶屋にある花月楼は、周防国分寺に建てられていた茶室を明治時代に移築したものだそうです。

The “Kagetsu-ro’u” tea house, which used to stand at Mitajiri Ochaya is now located at Sho’u’in-jinja.  The “Kagetsu-ro’u” that you see today at Mitajiri Ochaya actually came from the Su’o’u Kokubun-ji temple (also in Ho’ufu), which was relocated during the Meiji Period.

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周防国分寺 – Su’o’u Kokubun-ji


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阿弥陀・Amida

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このお茶入は高取焼で、鬼丸雪山さんのお作だそうです。なだれの景色が阿弥陀ヶ滝を連想させることから「阿弥陀」と銘をつけることになりました。

This cha’ire is Takatori ware, and was made by Setsuzan Onimaru.  We decided to name it “Amida” because the landscape of the nadare (drip) evokes the image of Amida-ga-taki (Amida Fall).

阿弥陀ヶ滝(あみだがたき)は、岐阜県郡上市(ぐじょうし)にある滝で、1990年には「日本の滝百選」に選ばれている名瀑です。

Amida-ga-taki (Amida Fall) is in Gujo’u City, Gifu Prefecture.  It is a famous waterfall, and one of the “one hundred waterfalls in Japan” compiled in 1990.

白山開祖泰澄(たいちょう)大師により8世紀に発見され「長瀧」と名付けられましたが、16世紀初期に白山中宮長瀧寺の僧がここで修行し護摩をたくと阿弥陀如来の姿が浮かび上がったところから、「阿弥陀ケ滝」と名づけられたとされています。

Ta’icho’u Da’ishi, the priest who founded Hakusan discovered the waterfall in the 8th century, and named it “Nagataki” (long waterfall).  In the early 16th century, a priest from Cho’uryu’u-ji in the Hakusan precinct was in training at the waterfall when an image of Tathāgata Amitābha (Amida Nyora’i) in the bonfire he had built.  That is how the waterfall came to be known as Amida-ga-taki (Amida Fall).

葛飾北斎による『諸国滝廻リ』の中で『木曽路ノ奥阿弥陀ケ滝』にも描かれています。

In Hokusa’i Katsushika’s “Waterfalls in Various Provinces” series, it is depicted as “Amida Fall in the Depth of the Kiso Road.”

阿弥陀ヶ滝(Amida-ga-taki
By Luciole (Luciole) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Katsushika Hokusai (葛飾北斎)
[Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

【参考・Reference】

https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/阿弥陀ケ滝