茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

萩焼・Hagi Ware

Leave a comment

 

萩焼茶碗・Hagi ware chawan

萩焼(はぎやき)は江戸時代に周防・長門の二国を領有する毛利氏の御用窯として始まった山口県萩市近辺で焼かれる陶器です。その歴史は豊臣秀吉の朝鮮出兵の際出陣した西国大名たちが多くの朝鮮の陶工を日本に連れ帰ったことから始まります。

Hagi ware is a type of pottery made in the vicinity of the city of Hagi in Yamaguchi Prefecture.  It started in the Edo Period as the Lord’s kiln of the Mo’uri clan that occupied the two feudal territories of Suo’u and Nagato.  But its history goes back even further.  When Hideyoshi Toyotomi shipped out to Korea, many feudal lords of the Western Japan brought back Korean potters to Japan.

毛利輝元は千利休や古田織部とも交遊があった大名でした。秀吉の朝鮮出兵(1592)に伴い技芸ある陶工の招致が指令され、輝元は朝鮮の陶工李勺光を、そして後に弟の李敬も招きました。関ヶ原の戦い(1600)に敗れた輝元は、安芸の広島から長門の萩へ移り、李兄弟が萩の松本村に藩の御用窯を開きました。

Terumoto Mo’uri was a feudal lord who associated with Sen-no-rikyu and Oribe Furuta.  Upon Hideyoshi’s war on Korea (1592-), Hideyoshi declared that skilled potters should be encouraged to come to Japan.  Terumoto invited Li Shakuko’u, and later his brother Li Kei.  Terumoto, after being defeated in the Battle of Sekigahara (1600), he migrated from Hiroshima in the territory of Agi to Hagi in the territory of Nagato, where the Li brothers started the the province’s official kiln in the village of Matsumoto.

萩焼は「一楽二萩三唐津」と言われ、茶人好みの焼き物として愛されています。表面の釉薬がひび割れたような「貫入」が生じる為、使い込むと「七化け」が生じます。長年使用することで貫入からお茶が浸透し表面の色が変化してゆく為です。

As they say: “First, Raku, second, Hagi, third, Karatsu.”  Hagi ware is one of the three types of pottery said to be most beloved by tea practitioners.  The surface of the glaze crackles (known as “kan’nyu“), and after years of use, it “changes seven times” (“nanabake”).  That’s because tea seeps through the crackles and changes the colors of the surface.

萩焼皮鯨刷毛目茶碗・Hagi ware chawan with black rim (kawakujira) and brush stroke (hakeme) designs

[参考・Reference]

萩焼会館: http://www.hagiyaki-kaikan.com/

Hagi Ware (Wikipedia): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagi_ware

萩焼(ウィキペディア): http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/萩焼

萩焼伝統工芸指定告示:

http://ja.wikisource.org/wiki/伝統的工芸品を指定した件_(平成十四年経済産業省告示第五十八号)

Originally published June 4, 2014

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s