茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

「千種」という名の茶壷・A Tea Jar Named “Chigusa”

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Perspectives: Rina Banerjee

Copyright (c) 2014 Smithsonian Institution

先日社中の生徒がワシントンDCスミスソニアンのサックラー美術館で、「千種」という茶壷を中心にした茶道具展を観覧してきました。2009年9月にニューヨークのクリスティーズで行われた競売会で、当初予想額の$150,000をはるかに上回る$662,500にてサックラーの姉妹館であるフリーア美術館が落札しました。

Students of our Shachu went to Washington, D.C. and saw a tea utensil exhibit built around chatsubo (tea jar) known as “Chigusa” at The Arthur M. Sackler Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution.  The jar was sold at an auction, hosted by Christie’s of New York, in September, 2009 for the price of $662,500 – well above the initial estimate of $150,000.  The purchaser was Freer Gallery of Art, Sackler’s sister museum.

競売カタログによれば、南宋もしくは元(13-14世紀)の唐物大名物だそうです。「山上宗二記」に「千種」の記述があり、徳川将軍家や藤田男爵家などの所有を経て現在に至っている由緒のある茶壷です。久田家による書簡も付いています。

According to the auction catalog, it is o’ome’ibutsu from China, produced around the time of Southern Song/Yuan Dynasty (13th-14th century).  The “Yamano’u’e no So’uji Chronicle” has a description of “Chigusa.”  The jar has a great pedigree, and has been previously owned by many great families, including the Tokugawa shogunate family and Baron Fujita.  It is also accompanied by a letter written by the Hisada family.

「千種」とは、種類が多いこと、色々、種々(しゅじゅ)、という意味だそうです。焼き上がった茶壷の表面に数限りなく様々な模様が浮き出ているからでしょうか?

Chigusa” (千種) means having a great variety, various, myriad, varied, and the like.  The fired surface of the jar has countless patterns of different shapes and sizes, which may be the reason for the name.

サックラー美術館と、その姉妹館であるフリーア美術館では日本の茶道具など陶芸品のみならず、様々なアジアの美術品を展示しています。丁度同じ時期に小林清親(こばやし きよちか)の版画展もやっていました。「千種」も「清親」も特別展であったため、もう終了してしまいましたが、ワシントンに行く機会があれば是非お薦めの美術館です。

The Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, and its sister museum, Freer Gallery of Art, routinely display various Asian art objects, including Japanese tea utensils and other pottery items.  Coincidentally, an exhibit of woodblock prints made by Kiyochika Kobayashi was also ongoing at the museum.  Both “Chigusa” and “Kiyochika” were special exhibits – which are now over.  But if you have an opportunity to visit Washington, DC, a visit to these galleries is highly recommended.

Copyright (c) 2014 Smithsonian Institution

【参考・References】

http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/an-o-meibutsu-stoneware-tea-leaf-storage-jar-named-5231560-details.aspx

http://www.asia.si.edu/press/past/prTea.htm

https://www.asia.si.edu/exhibitions/current/kiyochika/

http://www.washingtonpost.com/express/wp/2014/02/20/chigusa-art-of-tea-sackler-gallery/

Originally posted November 5, 2014

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