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表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

山乃井・Yamano’i

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写真は「山乃井」という銘の茶杓です。その銘に由来を調べてみました。

Photographed here is chashaku called “Yamano’i.”  I looked up the origin of that name.

1629年幕命により京都より上山(現在の山形県上山市)に配流された沢庵禅師に、時の上山城主であった土岐頼行が庵を造り与えたそうです。禅師はこの庵を「春雨庵」と名づけ、大赦令が出るまでの三年間を過ごしたました。

In 1629, Zen Master Taku’an was banished from Kyoto to Kamiyama (today’s city of Kamiyama in Yamagata Prefecture).  The then-lord of Kamiyama Castle, Yoriyuki Toki, built a hut and gave it to Taku’an.  He name the hut “Harusame-an” (Spring Rain Hut), and spent his time there for three years until he was permitted to return to Kyoto.

春雨庵には山乃井という井戸があったそうで、村の娘が水汲みに来ていたそうです。その娘は時折り禅師に花や、彼岸のおはぎや、村の話題などを持ち寄り、禅師のなぐさめとなっていました。娘が来なくなったので尋ねてみたところ、どこぞの村へ嫁いで行ったと言われました。春雨庵を去るときに沢庵禅師が詠んだ歌は:

There was a well called “Yamano’i” (a mountain well) at Harusame-an.  A young girl from the village frequented there to get water.  Every once in a while she would bring Taku’an flowers, sweets, village gossip, all of which were welcome distractions for him.  One day she stopped coming to the hut.  Upon inquiry, Taku’an found that she got married and moved away from the village.  When leaving Harusame-an, Zen Master Taku’an read a poem:

浅くともよしやまた汲む人もあらば、われに事足る山乃井の水

Even if it is shallow, that’s fine.  If there is someone to come get water here, that’s all I want for the water in this mountain well (yamano’i).

現在の春雨庵は原型をその遺跡に復元したもので、山形県重要文化財となっています。

Today’s Harusame-an is a replica of the original reconstructed at the site, and is designated as an important cultural asses of Yamagata Prefecture.

【参考・References】

http://nire.main.jp/rouman/fudoki/06yama05.htm

http://sp.yamagatakanko.com/spotdetail/?data_id=1895&yc=9&yp=2

http://kaminoyama-spa.com/tourism/data/000067.php

http://1pen1kyusho3.blog.fc2.com/blog-entry-1972.html

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