茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

一期一会・Ichigo Ichi’e

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一期一会。一生に一度だけの機会。生涯に一度限りであること。「一期」は仏教語で、人が生まれてから死ぬまでの間の意味です。Ichigo ichi’e.  A once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.  It happens only once in your life.  “Ichigo” means the time between birth and death in the Buddhism terminology.

この言葉は「その機会を一生に一度のものと心得て、主客ともに互いに誠意を尽くすべき」、という茶会に臨む際の心得として広く知られています。

These words are widely known in the tea community as the ideal mindset in attending a tea event: “Both the host and guests must do their utmost as the opportunity may never be repeated in the same lifetime.”

もとは千利休の弟子宗二の「山上宗二記」に「一期に一度の会」と記されたことが始まりとのこと。これが江戸時代末期に井伊直弼が「茶湯一会集」において、自身の茶の湯一番の心得として「一期一会」を用いたことから一般に広まったそうです。

It is said that its origin is Rikyu’s disciple, So’uji.  He made an entry in his Yamano’u’e No So’uji Ki” (The “Yamano’u’e no So’uji Chronicle”) referring to “a meeting that happens only once in one’s life” (一期に一度の会).  In the late Edo Period, Na’osuke I’i adopted “ichigo ichi’e” as his principal motto of his tea life in his “Chanoyu ichi’eshu’u” (The Collection of Tea Meetings), which then subsequently spread to the public.

【参考・References】

http://gogen-allguide.com/i/ichigoichie.html

http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/leaf/idiom/一期一会/m0u/

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/一期一会

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