茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

椿山荘・Chinzan-so’u

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椿山荘(ちんざんそう)は、東京都文京区の小高い丘に建ち、広大な庭園を擁しています。永青文庫新江戸川公園のすぐ近くです。

Chinzan-so’u stands atop a gentle hill in Bunkyo’u Ward of Tokyo, and has an expansive garden.  It is very close to E’ise’i Bunko and Shin-Edogawa Park.

古くから椿が自生する景勝地だったため「つばきやま」と呼ばれていました。江戸時代は久留里藩黒田氏の屋敷がありました。

From ancient times, this area was know as a scenic place where camellias naturally thrived, and was called “Camellia Mountain” (tsubakiyama).  During the Edo Period, a residence for the Kuroda clan of the Kururi Province (today’s northern Chiba Prefecture) was at this site.

明治の元勲である山縣有朋は西南戦争の功により与えられた年金で1878年に自分の屋敷として購入、「椿山荘」と命名し、趣味である作庭を行いました。

Aritomo Yamagata, a political figure who contributed to the Me’iji Restoration, was awarded for his contribution during the “Seinan Senso’u” (the war of the West-South), a revolt by samurai in Kyushu’u (in the Southwest Japan) against the Me’iji government.  He used the pension to purchase the property as his residence in 1878, and named it Chinzan-so’u.  His hobby being gardening, he created a garden there.

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1918年には大阪を本拠とする藤田財閥の当主藤田平太郎男爵がこれを譲り受け、東京での別邸としました。戦災で一部が焼失したのですが、1948年に藤田興業の所有地となり、その後1万余の樹木が移植され、1952年より結婚式場として営業を開始ししまた。現在は「ホテル椿山荘東京」として営業されています。

In 1918, Baron Heitaro’u Fujita, who was the head of the Fujita Zaibatsu (conglomerate) headquartered in Osaka, came into possession of Chinzan-so’u, and used it as his Tokyo residence.  During World War II, it was partially lost to fire.  In 1948, Fujita Industries became the owner, and developed the property by transplanting over 10,000 trees.  It was opened as a wedding ceremony facility in 1952.  Today it is operated as “Hotel Chinzanso Tokyo.”

庭園は一般公開されており、椿や桜など植物、史跡等を鑑賞できます。

The garden is open to the public.  Visitors can admire plants, such as camellias and cherries, as well as historic landmarks.

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【参考・Reference】

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/椿山荘

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