茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

朝日焼・Asashi Ware

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このお茶碗は萩かと思っていましたが、朝日焼かもしれません。

I used to think that this bowl was Hagi – but now I wonder if it is Asahi ware.

朝日焼(あさひやき)は京都府宇治市で焼かれる陶器で、遠州七窯の一つです。

Asashi ware is pottery produced in Uji, Kyoto, and is counted as one of the seven favored by Enshu’u.

朝日焼という名前の由来については、朝日山という山の麓で窯が開かれていたという説、朝日焼の赤い斑点(御本手)が旭光を思わせるという説もあるようですが、窯元の説明では初代松林陶作さんが小堀遠州より指導を受け「朝日」の二字の印を与えられたとされています。

There are different theories regarding the origin of the name “Asashi” ware.  One claims that the kiln was at the foot of Mount Asahi.  Another suggests that the red spots on the surface are reminiscent of rays of the morning sun (asahi).  According to the kiln’s website, the first generation To’usaku Matsubayashi received guidance from Enshu’u Kobori, and received the name of “Asashi.”

茶の湯が武士から公家、町衆に広まったため宇治茶の人気も高まり、それに並行して朝日焼も隆盛を極めたそうです。

Chanoyu spread from the samurai ranks to the nobility and commoners alike, tea produced in Uji became popular.  Asashi ware’s popularity rose at the same time.

朝日焼は原料の粘土に鉄分を含むため、焼成すると「御本手(ごほんで)」と呼ばれる赤い斑点が生まれます。その焼き上がりによって呼び名が変わるそうです。

The clay for Asashi ware contains iron, and creates red spots called “gohonde.”  There are different names for gohonde, depending on how they appear.

  • 燔師(はんし)(Hanshi): 「師匠が焼いた物」という意味で、赤い粗めの斑点がぽつぽつと表面に浮き出ます。
    It means that a master fired it.  Large red spots appear on the surface.

  • 鹿背(かせ)(Kase):鹿の背のような色柄の出た御本手です。
    A type of gohonde that looks like the back of a deer.

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  • 紅鹿背(べにかせ)(Benikase):鹿背の中でも鉄分が多く、紅色がかっています。
    A type of Kase – but has more red due to higher iron contents.

https://i0.wp.com/img03.shop-pro.jp/PA01003/905/product/4987674_o2.jpg

【参考・References】

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/朝日焼

http://www.asahiyaki.com/

http://www.wanogakkou.com/culture/040000/040200_asahiyaki_tokutyo.html

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