茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

皮鯨・Kawakujira

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茶碗や皿の縁に鉄釉をかけて焼成すると黒っぽい茶色になります。その色が鯨の皮に似ているところから「皮鯨」との名がつきました。口縁部の黒を鯨の皮(背中側)、茶碗の色を鯨の身(腹側)になぞらえたとも言われています。唐津に始まり各地に広まったそうです。

When fired in a kiln, iron glaze on the rim of a bowl or plate turns blackish brown.  The color was reminiscent of whale skin, and it became known as “kawakujira” (皮/kawa = skin; 鯨/kujira = whale). It is also said that the black coloar of the rim symbolizes a whale’s skin (or its back) and the color of the bowl symbolizes a whale’s body (or its belly).  It started in Karatsu, and spread elsewhere.

単に「縁黒」とも言います。

It may also be simply referred to as “fuchiguro” (black rim).

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【参考・Reference】

http://www.weblio.jp/content/皮鯨

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