茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

豆まき・Mamemaki

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ご存知の通り「節分」とは季節の移り変る時で、立春・立夏・立秋・立冬の前日を言います。新春・新年を迎える、という特別さから単に節分といえば立春の前日を主にさすようになりました。

As you know, “setsubun” is the time for seasonal changes.  The day before the beginning of spring (risshun), summer (rikka), autumn (risshu’u) or winter (ritto’u) is each setsubun – but most commonly the day before risshun as it is a special setsubun that brings a new spring and new year.

季節の変わり目には邪気が入りやすいと考えられており、新年を迎える前に邪気を払って福を呼び込むという「追儺(ついな)」が宮中で行われるようになり、その行事の名残りが豆まきとです。鬼に豆をぶつけて邪気を払い、福を家に招きやすくしようとするものです。

It was believed that bad things were prone to occur at times of seasonal changes.  At the imperial palace, there practiced a custom called “tsu’ina” (chasing away trouble) before a new year to ward off evil spirits and bring in good luck.  “Mamemaki” (scattering of beans) used to be part of “tsu’ina,” and is still practiced today.  The idea is to throw beans at demons to drive them away, and make your home more inviting to good luck.

「おに」は「おぬ(隠)」が転じたもので、元来は姿の見えないもの、この世ならざるものであることを意味しました。そこから人の力を超えたものの意となり、後には理由の分からない災害、病、飢饉など、恐ろしい出来事は鬼の仕業と考えられていたのです。

The term for demon or “oni” comes from an archaic word “onu” or “hidden.”  It originally referred to something invisible or out of this world.  Then it later became to mean something supernatural and superhuman.  Horrible events, such as inexplicable calamities, illness, famine – these were all believed to be caused by oni.

【参考・References】

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Setsubun

http://allabout.co.jp/gm/gc/220584/

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/鬼

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