茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

大堀相馬焼・O’obori So’uma Ware

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亡くなった友人から形見としていただいたお茶碗です。一見アール・ヌーヴォーやアーツ・アンド・クラフツの様にもみえますが、大堀相馬焼だそうです。

This chawan came to me as a keepsake of a friend who passed away.  It may appear Art Nouveau or Arts & Crafts, but it is O’obori so’uma ware.

大堀相馬焼(おおぼりそうまやき)は、福島県双葉郡浪江町(なみえまち)の大堀で焼かれていた陶器です。2011年3月の東日本大震災により、福島第一原発から10kmに位置していた大堀は強制退去を余儀なくされ、二本松市の小沢に移転したそうです。引き続きの素早い復興をお祈り申し上げます。

O’obori so’uma ware is a type of pottery that used to be produced in O’obori in Nami’emachi, Futaba County, Fukushima Prefecture.  Due to the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011, because O’obori was located but 10 kilometers away from the Fukushima Da’i’ichi nuclear power plant, the production of O’obori so’uma ware was forced to relocate to Ozawa in Nihonmatsu City.  We pray for your continuing and speedy recovery.

江戸時代の元禄年間に中村藩士の半谷休閑(はんがいきゅうかん)が大堀で陶土を発見し、下男の左馬に命じて日用雑器を焼き始めたのが始まりで大衆向けの民窯として親しまれました。中村藩は陶磁器を特産物として奨励したため、江戸時代末期には100軒近い窯元が誕生し、中には農作との兼業も見受けられました。
During the Genroku era of the Edo Period (from 1688 to 1704, the reign of the 5th Sho’ugun Tuneyoshi Tokugawa), Kyu’ukan Hangai, in the employ of the Lord Nakamura, discovered clay suitable for pottery in O’obori.  He directed his servant, Hidari’uma (meaning, “left-facing horse,” a good-luck symbol), to produce pottery for daily use, which became popular among the residents.  The Lord Nakamura encouraged production of pottery as the regional specialty, and by the end of the Edo Period, there existed close to a hundred kiln.  Some engaged in farming and pottery at the same time.
左馬・Hidari’uma
ご覧のように、「青ひび」 が顕著です。これは鉄分を含んだ釉薬を用い、還元炎焼成後に冷却するために生じたひびに墨を塗り込むのだそうです。
As you can see, the “blue crackling” is prominent.  This is created by applying black ink to crackles that appear in the iron-rich glaze when cooled after reduction firing.
このお茶碗にはありませんが、「走り駒」、つまり疾駆する馬を描いたものが有名です。
This chawan does not have it – but O’obori so’uma ware is often known for its “running horse” motif.
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