茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

如心斎, 天然忌と花寄せ・Joshin-sa’i, Ten’nen-ki and Hanayose

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7代お家元如心斎(1705-1751)は今日の家元制度の基盤を作りました。如心斎の生きた江戸時代には茶の湯が遊芸化する傾向があったため、新たにゲーム的要素を加えた「七事式」を考案されました。

The 7th Grand Master Joshin-sa’i (1705-1751) is credited for establishing the foundation of the current I’emoto (Grand Master) hierarchy.  Tea practice during the Edo Period at the time of Joshin-sa’i was moving away from its Zen root and becoming more of a pastime.  To reflect that tendency, Joshin-sa’i created “Shichiji-shiki” – seven new ways of tea practice that incorporate game-like elements.

その貢献を称え、9月には如心斎を偲ぶ「天然忌」にお茶湯がされます。「天然忌」とは如心斎の法名が「天然宗左居士」であったことに因みます。

In honor of his contribution, memorial tea is dedicated to Joshin-sa’i in September.  His passing is remembered as “Ten’nen-ki” because his Buddhist name was “Ten’nen So’usa Koji.

その際「花寄せ」も頻繁に行われます。「花寄せ」は七事式のひとつで、草花の種類の夏の機会に、花入を茶室へいくつも並べて、亭主と客がが次々と花入を選んで花を生けて行きます。

At “Ten’nen-ki,” “hanayose” is often practiced.  It is one of the seven “Shichijishiki.”  Taking advantage of the summer season when flowers are abundantly available, a number of flower vases are laid out in the tea room, and the host and guests take turns to pick a vase and decorate it with flowers.

北カリフォルニアでも9月14日に日米会館にて「天然忌」のお茶会が行われ、それに合わせて社中でも花寄せのお稽古をしました。

Ten’nen-ki” was observed in Northern California at the Nichibei Kaikan, and our Shachu also practiced “hanayose” to coincide with it.

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