茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

赤膚焼と奈良絵・Akahada Ware and Nara’e

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大塩昭山作赤膚焼茶碗
Akahada ware chawan by Sho’uzan O’oshio

赤膚焼(あかはだやき)は奈良県奈良市や大和郡山市に点在する窯で造られる陶器です。その始まりははっきりしないようですが、桃山時代に大和郡山城主であった豊臣秀長(秀吉の弟)が、五条村赤膚山に開窯したのがその起こりと伝えられています。肌が薄い赤みを帯びているため赤膚と言われるという説もあります。

Akahada ware is a type of pottery produced at kilns that dot the Cities of Nara and Yamato Ko’uriyama in the Nara Prefecture.  Its origin is not clearly known, but it is said that Hidenaga Toyotomi (Hideyoshi’s younger brother) started a kiln in the Akahada Mountain in the Gojo’u Village during the Momoyama Period when he was the Lord of the Yamato Ko’uriyama Castle.  Some believe that it is called “akahada” (red skin) for the reddish tone of the pottery surface.

江戸時代後期には藩主柳沢保光の保護により世に広まり、小堀遠州が好んだ遠州七窯の一つにも数えられています。鉄分を多く含む赤土が素焼後赤褐色の肌となります。その表面に乳白色の萩釉を掛け、奈良絵と呼ばれる絵付けを施した物がよく知られています。

In the late Edo Period, Akahada ware flourished under the protection of the Provincial Lord Yasumitsu Yanagisawa.  It is counted as one of seven kilns favored by Enshu’u Kobori.  Red clay rich in iron turns red bronze when fired unglazed.  Akahada ware is particularly well-known for its milky white hagi glaze draped over it and a type of painting called “Nara’e” often adorning the surface.

奈良絵は室町時代から江戸中期にかけて作られた,お伽草子を中心に古物語・謡曲などを題材とした彩色肉筆の絵本の挿絵を指しました。興福寺などの絵仏師が描いたものとの説もありますが,呼称は明治以降のもので,奈良との関係はあきらかでないそうです。
Nara’e” originally referred to brush illustrations in color, created from the Muromachi Period to the mid-Edo Period, depicting scenes from fairy tales, ancient stories and classical songs/poems.  There is also a theory that a Buddha painter at Ko’ufuku-ji temple painted them.  In any event, the term “Nara’e” was coined in the Me’iji Period or later, and its connection to Nara is unknown.
こちらの蓋置も赤膚焼なのですが、仕上がりが全く違います。遠州七窯にはこの作風に近い膳所や高取が含まれていますから、もしかしたらこの様な茶陶のほうが遠州のお好みだったかもしれませんね。
This futa’oki is also Akahada ware – with markedly different finish.  Seven kilns favored by Enshu’u Kobori include Zeze and Takatori, which are somewhat closer to this type of atmosphere.  Tea pottery like this one, therefore, may have been Enshu’u’s taste.  Maybe….
【参考・References】
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