茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

啐啄(そったく)・Sottaku

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Chick

表千家八代目お家元は啐啄斎です。 1788年の火事により、表裏両千家の茶室が多数焼失したそうですが、翌年までに速やかに再建されて、啐啄斎により利休二百回忌の茶事が盛大に催されたとのことです。

The 8th Grand Master of Omotesenke is Sottaku-sa’i.  Due to fires in 1788, both Omotesenke and Urasenke lost many (free-standing) tea rooms.  But Sottaku-sa’i was able to rebuild them swiftly and host a grand tea event in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of Rikyu’s passing.

「啐啄」の「啐」はひなが卵の殻を内側からコツコツとつつく音、「啄」は母鳥が殻をつつき割る音なのだそうです。これを禅宗では「啐啄同時」などと機が熟して悟りを開こうとしている弟子に師がすかさず教示を与えて悟りの境地に導く、という意味で使っています。

Sotsu (啐)” of “Sottaku (啐啄)” is the sound of a chick hitting the eggshell from inside.  “Taku (啄)” is the sound of the mother bird hitting the eggshell from outside.  In the Zen Buddhism tradition, there is an expression “啐啄同時” (sotsu and taku happening simultaneously), which means that a master, seeing that his disciple is on the verge of attaining enlightenment, seizes that opportunity and gives appropriate instructions to lead him to enlightenment.

禅僧の一休さんはとんち話で有名ですが、禅僧が悟りを開くために行う問答を「禅問答」と言います。師が弟子に問いを出し、弟子が答えます。師はなぜその答えに辿り着いたかを師の納得がいくまで問い返します。答えに正解があるのではなく、どうしてその答えを出したのかという過程が大切です。

Ikkyu is a Zen monk well known for his riddles.  The practice of questions and answers is known as “zenmondo’u” (禅問答).  A master poses a question, and his disciple answers, and the master asks why and how he reached that conclusion.  These steps are repeated until the master is satisfied.  The process behind reaching that conclusion is more important than having the right answer – which may not even exist.

禅僧の師匠と弟子が「啐」と「啄」を繰り返すことにより悟りを開くのと同じように、お茶でも師匠と弟子が「啐啄」でお稽古を重ねていかねばならないのでしょう。

As a Zen master and his disciple repeat “sotsu (啐)” and “taku (啄)” toward enlightenment, tea masters and students must devote themselves to practice by exchanging many a “sotsu (啐)” and “taku (啄)”.

【参考・References】

http://www.eonet.ne.jp/~jinnouji/page9/houwa/page178.htm

http://www.weblio.jp/content/啐啄同時

http://www.housyouji.net/common/zen.html

 

 

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