茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

つぼつぼ・Tsubo-tsubo

Leave a comment

お稽古で「つぼつぼ」の蒔絵で飾った棗を使いました。その由来について調べてみました。

We used natsume with a “tsubo-tsubo” pattern painted in lacquer.  What is “tsubo-tsubo“?

田宝(でんぽ)と呼ばれる直径3~4cm位の壺型の素焼の土器が京都市内の江戸時代遺跡から多量に出土したそうです。この土器は初午(はつうま)の日に伏見稲荷門前で売られていたとのこと。その用途ははっきりしないようですが、農家では豊作、商家やその他一般家庭は家内安全や商売繁盛を祈って伏見稲荷から持ち帰られたのではないかという説があります。

A large quantity of unglazed earthenware jars, about 3-4 cm in diameter, was discovered in Kyoto at an archeological site dating back to the Edo Period.  These jars, called “denbo” (田宝 or “treasure for the field”), were sold outside the shrine gate at the Fushimi Inari on the day of “hatsu-uma” (the first day of “uma” in February, an important feast day for all Inari shrines).  The purpose of the jars is not clearly understood, but one theory is that they used to be taken home from the shrine, praying for good harvest (for farmers) or domestic safety and business prosperity (for merchants and other households).

その土器を見て咄々斎(三代お家元)が「つぼつぼ」として道具の文様や千家の替紋として用いたのが始まりと言われています。

It is said that Totsutotsu-sa’i (3rd Grand Master) saw these jars, and started using the pattern as “tsubo-tsubo” for utensils, as well as alternate family crests for the Sen family.

三千家ではそれぞれ「つぼつぼ」の並べ方が違うのだそうです。ですから紋を見て、どちらの千家か分かるようになっています。

Each of the three Sen family branches uses a different arrangement of jars in its “tsubo-tsubo” crest.  You can tell to which family the crest belongs by looking at it.

 

【参考・Reference】

http://crd.ndl.go.jp/reference/modules/d3ndlcrdentry/index.php?page=ref_view&id=1000004032

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s