茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

小堀遠州(きれいさび)・Enshu’u Kobori (Austere but Pretty)

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中興名物「広沢」写・Hirosawa (copy)

小堀 政一(こぼり まさかず)は、安土桃山時代から江戸時代前期にかけての大名、茶人、建築家、作庭家。

Masakazu Kobori was a feudal lord, tea man, architect and garden designer who lived in the Azuchi-Momoyama period and in the early Edo period.

政一の茶の湯は現在では「きれいさび」と称され、遠州流(小堀遠州流)として続いている。

Masakazu’s tea was known as “kirei-sabi” (austere but pretty), and continues today as the Enshu’u school (or the Kobori Enshu’u school).

政一は和歌や藤原定家の書を学び、王朝文化の美意識を茶の湯に取り入れた。彼の選定した茶道具は和歌や歌枕の地名、伊勢物語や源氏物語といった古典から取った銘がつけられ、後世中興名物と呼ばれることとなった。

Masakazu learned classical Japanese poetry and writings by Fujiwara-no-Sada’i’e, and introduced the aesthetics of the imperial court culture into his chanoyu practice.  The tea utensils he selected were named after Japanese classical poems and place names that were often favorites of poets, as well as the Tale of Ise, the Tale of Genji and other classical works.  These tea utensils later became known as “chu’uko’u me’ibutsu” (中興名物).

例えば中興名物茶入「広沢」。これほどの茶入 を見た人はあるまいとの意で、政一が「広沢の池の面に身をなして見る人もなき秋の夜の月」の歌を引いて命銘した。月のテーマに因み、蓋裏が通常の金ではなく銀箔。本歌の仕覆は「剣先緞子」(けんさきどんす)。

For example, there is a “chu’uko’u me’ibutsu” known as “Hirosawa.”  Masakazu was inspired by a poem that praised the autumn moon reflecting on the surface of the Hirosawa Pond as the most beautiful without comparison – because he thought the cha’ire was without comparison the finest work.  Carrying over that “moon” theme, the back of the lid is finished with silver rather than usual gold.  The pouch (shifuku) is “kensaki donsu” (sword-tip pattern damask).

政一は生涯で約400回茶会を開き、招いた客は述べ2,000人に及ぶと言われる。彼の門下としては松花堂昭乗、沢庵宗彭などがいる。

Masakazu is said to have hosted about 400 tea events, and served 2,000 guests.  His disciples included Sho’ujo’u Sho’ukado’u and So’uho’u Takuan (both famous priests).

1647年、伏見奉行屋敷にて69歳で死去した。

In 1647, Masakazu passed away at the Fushimi Magistrate House.  He was 69.

 

【関連記事・Related Articles】

小堀遠州(生立ち)・Enshu’u Kobori (Upbringing)

小堀遠州(遠江守)・Enshu’u Kobori (Lord of Enshu’u)

【参考・References】

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/小堀%20政一

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kobori_Masakazu

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