茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

小堀遠州(生立ち)・Enshu’u Kobori (Upbringing)

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小堀 政一(こぼり まさかず)は、安土桃山時代から江戸時代前期にかけての大名、茶人、建築家、作庭家。

Masakazu Kobori was a feudal lord, tea man, architect and garden designer who lived in the Azuchi-Momoyama period and in the early Edo period.

1579年、小堀正次の長男として生まれる。正次は近江国坂田郡小堀村(現在の滋賀県長浜市)の土豪で、縁戚であった浅井氏に仕えたが、浅井氏滅亡後は羽柴秀長の家臣となった。1585年、秀長は郡山城に移封されると、正次は家老となり、政一もともに郡山に移った。

He was born as the eldest son of Masatsugu Kobori in 1579.  Masatsugu was a minor provincial lord of the Kobori village, the Sakata county, the province of O’umi.  He served the Asai clan, to whom he was related.  After the Asai clan died out, he became an official for Hidenaga Hashiba.  In 1585, Hidenaga moved to the Ko’uriyama Castle, where Masatsugu became one of the senior advisers.  Masakazu followed Masatsugu to Ko’uriyama.

この頃、秀長は山上宗二を招いたり、千利休に師事するなどし、郡山は京・堺・奈良と並んで茶の湯の盛んな土地となっていた。小姓だった政一は、秀長の兄・豊臣秀吉への給仕を務め、利休とも出会っている。秀長の死後、1595年に秀吉直参となって伏見に移ることになった。ここで政一は古田織部に茶道を学ぶことになる。

Around this time, Hidenaga socialized with So’uji Yamano’u’e, and learned tea from Sen-no-rikyu.  As a result, Ko’uriyama was a center of chanoyu, rivaling Kyoto, Sakai and Nara.  Masakazu was a page, and when he attended to Hideyoshi Toyotomi (Hidenaga’s elder brother), he met Rikyu in that capacity.  After Hidenaga’s passing, in 1595 Masakazu became a direct servant to Hideyoshi and moved to Fushimi, where he later learned tea from Oribe Furuta.

小堀遠州(遠州守)につづくContinued to Enshu’u Kobori (Lord of Enshu’u)

【参考・Reference】

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/小堀%20政一

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kobori_Masakazu

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