茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

槐の平棗・Hiranatsume of Pagoda Tree

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こちらの平棗は山崎如悦さんのお作です。如悦さんは仏師(ぶっし)でもあるそうです。拭き漆の仕上げで「雪月花」と朱で表に筆書きされています。木材が何か分からなかったのですが、恐らく槐(えんじゅ)ではないかと思われます。

This hiranatsume is a work by Jo’etsu Yamasaki.  Jo’etsu is also a Buddhist sculpture maker (busshi).  It is finished with a technique called “fuki’urushi” – which requires brushing clear urushi lacquer (without any dye) and wiping it off multiple times until the wood grain is highlighted brilliantly.  On the outside the three Chinese characters “snow” (雪), “moon” (月) and “flower” (花) are painted in red.  We were not quite sure what the wood was, but we think it is probably enju (Pagoda Tree).

槐(えんじゅ)について・About Pagoda Tree

槐(えんじゅ、Styphnolobium japonicum)とはマメ科エンジュ属の落葉高木です。中国原産で、古くから台湾、日本、韓国などで植栽されています。

Enju or Pagoda Tree (Styphnolobium japonicum or Sophora japonica) is a species of deciduous tall tree in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae.  It originated in China, and has been grown from ancient times in Taiwan, Japan and Korea.

高密度で硬くじん性の高い木質のため、強くて割れにくく耐朽性に優れているそうです。木目が鮮明で美しく、使い込むほどに色艶が出るのが特徴とのこと。日本では魔よけの木、寿命を延ばす木、縁起がよい木として親しまれてきました。そこで「槐」、「延寿」、「縁樹」といった漢字が当てられています。

It is dense and hard wood, making it very durable.  It has beautiful natural grain, and its shine on the surface becomes enhanced as you cherish it over years.  In Japan, it has been considered a tree that wards off evil, prolongs life, and as a tree of good luck.  For that reasons, the word “enju” has been represented with Chinese characters such as “槐” (wood 木(as a radical); demon 鬼), “延寿” (prolong 延; life 寿命) or “縁樹” (good luck 縁起が良い; tree 樹).

 

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