茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

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芝山監物・Kenmotsu Shibayama

芝山監物(宗綱)  Kenmotsu (Munetsuna) Shibayama


He is one of Rikyu’s 7 primary disciples – or Rikyu Shichitetsu.

監物は元は山上宗二の弟子でした。 宗二が亡くなった後監物は利休の弟子となりました。「弟子になった」といいましても、これは家元制度が設定される前のことですので、師弟関係はしばし寛容かつ非正式なものでありました。

Kenmotsu had been originally Soji Yamano’u’e’s disciple.  After Soji’s death, Kenmotsu became Rikyu’s disciple.  But note that this was before the iemoto system established, and master-disciple relations were often loose and informal.

一休宗純墨蹟「峯松」 (東京国立博物館所有映像)
“Pine Tree on a Peak” by Ikkyu Sojun (Courtesy of Tokyo National Museum)


Fukansa’i Sakuma once gave a scroll to Kenmotsu.  Its calligraphy was done by Ikkyu Sojun.  (Not the one photographed here.)  Kenmotsu invited Ujisato Gamo, Sansa’i Hosokawa and Rikyu to tea and asked Rikyu to redo the mounting because the scroll was too long for display in the tokonoma.  Rikyu refused saying that the scroll is fine and should not be remounted.  Kenmotsu decided to alter the tokonoma instead of the scroll.

[Reference] Herbert Plutschow, “Rediscovering Rikyu – And The Beginnings of The Japanese Tea Ceremony” (Global Oriental, pub. 2003)
[参考] ヘルベルト・プルチョウ著「利休の再発見: そして日本における茶の湯の始まり」(Global Oriental, 2003年刷)


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お久し振り (唐津)・Good to See You Again (Karatsu)




This is an old Karatsu bowl in the “kutsu” (shoe) shape with two-tone glaze (white on one side, black on the other).  The two-tone glaze finish is called “katamigawari” or “kakewake.”


Maybe the name came from the type of kimono that was popular during the Momoyama Period known as Katamigawari: right and left sides of the garment, and right and left sleeves are in contrasting fabrics.

東京国立博物館提供画像・Image Courtesy of Tokyo National Museum

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小鹿田焼・Onta Ware


Onta Ware Cha’ire by Asao Yanase


Onta ware was started in the mid Edo Period.  The magistrate of Hita, which was the direct territory of the Shogunate government (Bakufu), started it to supply household ceramics within the territory.


It is a climbing kiln influenced by Korea, and is known for its geometric patterns, such as “tobikan’na” (jumping planer), “hakeme” (brush stroke) and “kushikaki” (comb scratches).

小鹿田焼飛び鉋(とびかんな)建水 / Onta Ware Kensui (Tobikan’na Pattern)


A device called “karausu” (a Chinese mortar) is used to pound clay.  It works like a bamboo tube you may see in a Japanese garden.  A large cylinder fills up with water, tips over to empty the water, and the closed end smacks against the mortar to pound the clay.


A British pottery artist, Bernard Leach, stayed in Hita and engaged in pottery making activities in 1954 and 1964, which made Onta ware famous throughout Japan and abroad.


Guide to Onta Ware (English): http://www.japanvisitor.com/japan-city-guides/onta

小鹿田焼(ウィキべディア): http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/小鹿田焼

小鹿田ガイド: http://www.oidehita.com/304.html