茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

四方棚・水滴: Yoho’udana/Su’iteki

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2月7日のお稽古・Lesson on Feb. 7

今週のお稽古も四方棚を使いますが、違うお棚です。
This week we are using a yoho’udana again – but a different one!

(1) 四方棚: Yoho’udana

これまでお稽古に使ってきた四方棚は炉・風炉共用の小ぶりのものでしたが、今回は炉用なので大ぶりで桐木地です。「利休好み?」かと思いましたら、「利休好み」は角が直角。こちらのように角が丸いのは四代お家元逢源斎江岑のお好みだそうです。

The yoho’udana we have been using is a smaller version, which can be used with both “ro” and “furo.”  Today we are using a larger version to be used only with “ro.”  It is made of unfinished paulownia wood – and I wondered: Is this the “Rikyu‘s favorite”?  Not so.  The “Rikyu‘s favorite” has 90-degree corners.  This one has rounded corners – and is known as the favorite of Ho’ugen-sa’i Ko’ushin, the 4th Grand Master.

天板が大きいので柄杓がすっぽり飲み込まれそうですが、柄杓に柄の端が天板から少し出ていなければならない、と先生からうかがいました。

The top shelf is so large that it can swallow up the hishaku – but our teacher said the edge of the hishaku handle must be slightly off the shelf.

(2) 水滴: Suiteki

水滴は四滴茶入のひとつです。水滴、油滴、手瓶、弦付の四種です。水滴はお習字で硯に水を足す道具に見立てたもの。油滴は行灯に油を足す道具、手瓶は水を汲む道具。そして弦付はその名の通り弦が付いています。(何に使うのでしょう?)

Suiteki” is one of the “shiteki” (= four drops) cha’ire set.  Suiteki (a water drop) is made in the shape of a calligraphy utensil for adding water to an ink stone.  Yuteki (an oil drop) is in the shape of a utensil for adding oil to oil lamps.  Tegame  (a hand water jar) is for scooping water.  Tsurutsuki literally means “with a handle.”  (What is this one for?)

口が置き合わせる物の方に向きますから(口が無ければ手の反対側)、茶碗、茶筅、茶杓等と置き直す度に方向がくるくる変わります。お茶をはくときも向きが変わります。棚に乗せるときは口が釜付き。こんな小さい口が付くだけでこんなに決まり事が増えるなんて。。。通常薄茶に用いますが、水滴だけは仕覆をつければ濃茶に使えるそうです。

The spout (or if there is no spout, then the opposite side of the handle) faces whatever item it is placed next to – chawan, chasen, chashaku, etc. and it changes its directions almost every time you picked it up to move it.  It faces a different direction again when scooping tea out of it.  When you place it on the shelf, the spout points to kama.  Who knew this little spout would create this many new rules!  Shiteki cha’ire are usually used for usucha – but suiteki is an exception and can be used for ko’icha if placed in shifuku.


備前花入・木瓜
Bizen hanaire/Quince

Key Words: Chanoyu, Japanese Tea Ceremony Class, Omotesenke, San Francisco

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