茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

二月は節分です・Setsubun is in February

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In Japan, setsubun is celebrated in February.  I remember throwing roasted soy beans (= mamemaki) as a child, while crying out: “Demons out!  Fortunes in! (Oni-wa-soto!  Fuku-wa-uchi!)”  I kind of got into it.  Let’s review some seasonal “me’i“(銘) (names) for February appropriate for tea utensils (based on another blog available here (Japanese only).

(Alternate Names for February) Kisaragi (如月)(the characters were taken from China, but it is not exactly known why they were matched with the Japanese word: kisaragi), Umemizuki (梅見月)(the month for viewing plum blossoms), Yukigiezuki (雪消月)(the month of disappearing snow), Kyo’usho’u (夾鐘)(the 4th note in the 12-note Chinese musical scale), Reigetsu (麗月)/Reisetsu (令節)(fine month/season), Chu’uyou (仲陽)/Chu’ushun (仲春)(the middle month of the three spring months)

(Top “Me’i” Suggestions)

  • Setsubun (節分)・・・Which literally means time for seasonal changes.  The day before the beginning of spring (risshun), summer (rikka), autumn (risshu’u) or winter (ritto’u) – but most commonly the day before risshun.
  • Risshun (立春)・・・Which literally means the beginning of spring.  One of 24 solar terms.  February 4.  The day after setsubun.
  • Usui (雨水)・・・Which literally means “rain water.”  One of 24 solar terms.  Around February 18.
  • So’ushun (早春)・・・Beginning of spring.  New spring.
  • Haru-asashi (春浅し)・・・More spring-like than so’ushun, but still chill hangs in the air.  Shallow spring.
  • Shunkan/Harusamu (春寒)・・・Residual coldness in spring.
  • Yokan (余寒)・・・Residual coldness.
  • Shunsetsu (春雪)・・・Spring snow.
  • Zansetsu (残雪)・・・Snow remaining in spring.
  • Yukima (雪間)・・・Spots on the ground peeking through snow after it starts to disappear.
  • Usurahi (薄氷)・・・Thin ice.  Ice in early spring.
  • Yukige (雪解)・・・Melting snow.
  • Suguro (末黒)・・・Charred and black grass and trees in the field after being burned in spring (to prepare for planting)
  • Yakeno (焼野)・・・Burned field.
  • Yakeyama (焼山)・・・A mountain after fallen leaves and trees are burned.
  • Agematsuba (上げ松葉)・・・To lift pine needles laid down on top of moss near a tea house to prevent frost damages.
  • Haruarashi (春嵐)・・・Strong wind that blows in February and March.  HaruwasureHarushippu’u.
  • Nehan-nishi (涅槃西風)・・・West wind that blows around February 15 (lunar calendar) when Buddha passed away.  Wind from the Pure Land to welcome Buddha.
  • Kaiyose (貝寄風)・・・Wind that blows over the Naniwa Harbor around February 20 (lunar calendar).
  • Kochi (東風)・・・Strong wind from the east that blows at the beginning of spring.
  • Fukyo’u-no-hana (不香の花)・・・Which means a “flower without fragrance,” referring to snowflakes.
  • Hana-no-ani (花の兄)・・・Which means an “elder brother of flowers,” referring to a plum blossom.
  • Kono-hana (木の花)・・・Which means a “flower in/of the tree,” referring to a plum blossom.
  • Kono-hana (此の花)・・・Which means “this flower,” which is an elegant way to refer to a plum blossom.

日本では二月は節分ですね。子供のころ豆まきをしたのを覚えてます。「鬼は外!福は内!」って、子供のときには結構のってました。二月の季節に合ったお道具の銘をまた見てみましょう。以下のリストはこちらのブログから拝借・転載しています。

二月

(二月の異名)  如月 梅見月 雪消月 夾鐘 麗月 令節 仲陽 仲春

  • 節分・・・せつぶん。季節の移り変る時。立春・立夏・立秋・立冬の前日。特に立春の前日の称。
  • 立春・・・りっしゅん。二十四節気のひとつ。2月4日。節分の翌日。
  • 雨水・・・うすい。二十四節気のひとつ。2月18日頃。
  • 早春・・・・・そうしゅん。春のはじめ。初春。
  • 春浅し・・・・はるあさし。早春よりも春めいたかんじではあるが、まだ寒さが残る頃。浅春。
  • 春寒・・・・・しゅんかん。春になっても残る寒さ。はるさむ。余寒。
  • 春雪・・・・・しゅんせつ。春降る雪。春の雪。
  • 残雪・・・・・ざんせつ。春になっても冬の雪の消えずにあるもの。
  • 雪間・・・・・ゆきま。春になって雪が消えかかり、地肌を見せている所。雪の隙ひま。
  • 薄氷・・・・・うすらひ。薄く張った氷。春さきの氷。
  • 雪解・・・・・ゆきげ。雪がとけること。
  • 末黒・・・・・すぐろ。春、野の草木を焼いた後の黒くなっていること。焼野。
  • 焼山・・・・・やけやま。枯れ草や雑木を焼き払った山。
  • 上げ松葉・・・あげまつば。苔に霜が付かぬよう敷かれた松葉を数寄屋の近くから上げること。
  • 春嵐・・・・・はるあらし。2月から3月に吹く烈風。春忘れ。春疾風。
  • 涅槃西風・・・ねはんにし。旧暦2月15日釈尊入滅のころに吹く西風。浄土からの迎えの風。
  • 貝寄風・・・・かいよせ。旧暦2月20日前後に難波の浦に吹く風をいう。
  • 東風・・・・・こち。春先になって東方から吹く風。
  • 不香の花・・・ふきょうのはな。雪の異名。
  • 花の兄・・・・はなのあに。梅の異名。
  • 木の花・・・・このはな。梅の異名。
  • 此の花・・・・このはな。梅の雅称。

Chanoyu, Japanese Tea Ceremony, Omotesenke, San Francisco

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