茶の湯 in サンフランシスコ ・ Japanese Tea Ceremony を San Franciscoで

表千家四方社中の茶の湯ブログ Japanese Tea Ceremony Blog for Shikata Shachu – Omotesenke

六然 ・Riku-Zen

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こちらの色紙は先生のお気に入りで、石田日天大僧正のお筆によるものです。お稽古に使わせていただいているお寺は日天大僧正が1930年に開創されたものです。(お茶室の歴史と日天大僧正については別途アップしますのでお楽しみに。)
This shikishi (色紙、a decorative paperboard) is our teacher’s favorite with calligraphy by Archbishop Nitten Ishida.  In 1930 he established the Nichiren Buddhist Church where we practice tea ceremony today.  (We will feature the history of the tea room and Archbishop Nitten Ishida in future posts.  Stay tuned.)

「人處藹然」(または「處人藹然」)とは、明の崔後渠(さいこうきょ)による「六然(りくぜん)」の一つで、「他人に対しては藹然つまり、なごやかな態度で接しなければならない。」、という意味があるそうです。因みに「六然」は勝海舟によるものではないとのことです。
“Jinsho Aizen” 「人處藹然」(also “Shojin Aizen” 「處人藹然」) is one of the six teachings (or “Riku Zen” 「六然」, meaning “six 然” – notice the last character is always 然 for all six) written by Sai Kokyo(崔後渠) of the Ming Dynasty (China).  I heard that it means: “When dealing with people, be gentle and kind.”  Contrary to popular belief, I was told that “Riku Zen” was not written by Katsu Kaishu (a famous naval officer in the Japanese history who lived during the tumultuous time at the end of the Edo period/beginning of the Me’iji period).

  • 自處超然  じしょちょうぜん (Jisho Chozen) – When you are dealing with yourself, be detached and objective.
  • 人處藹然  じんしょあいぜん (Jinsho Aizen) – When you are dealing with people, be gentle and kind.
  • 有事斬然  ゆうじざんぜん (Yuji Zanzen) – When there is an emergency, be bold and decisive.
  • 無事澄然  ぶじちょうぜん (Buji Chozen) – When there is no emergency, be tranquil like clear water.
  • 得意澹然  とくいたんぜん (Toku’i Tanzen) – When you are feeling awesome, be centered and don’t get cocky.
  • 失意泰然  しついたいぜん (Shitsu’i Taizen) – When you are feeling down, stay calm and keep your cool.

(日本語参考サイト)(Reference Sites: Japanese Only)

  1. http://www5a.biglobe.ne.jp/~HARK/4_rikuzen_turedure.html
  2. http://blog.goo.ne.jp/chorinkai/e/1c500e35b014cf93054150408f228545
  3. http://www.mobilkubota.com/manabi/26.html

Key Words: Chanoyu, Japanese Tea Ceremony, Omotesenke, San Francisco

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